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      大学英语四六级考试阅读23个重点句型

      四级考试网 鲤鱼小编 更新时间:2019-02-21

      2019年的英语四六级考试报名即将开始,小伙伴们都开始复习了吗?今天鲤鱼小编给大家准备了在英语四六级考试中常用的阅读23个重点句型。一起来看看吧!

      1. "Nothing is more…than" 和 "Nothing is so…as"结构,"Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so…as"都具有最高级比较的意思,"Nothing"可换用"no","nobody","nowhere","little","few","hardly","scarcely"等等,可译为"没?#23567;?#27604;……更为","像……再没有了","最……"等。

      Nothing is more precious than time.

      2. "who knows but (that)…"和"who could should…but"结构,这个结构是反?#24066;问劍?#19968;般意译为"多半","亦未可知"等等,有时也可直译。

      Who knows but (that) he may go?

      3."否定+until (till)"结构,在否定词"no","not","never","little","few","seldom"等的后边所接用的"until/till",多数情况下译为"直到……才……","要……才……",把否定译为肯定。

      Nobody knows what he can do till he has tried.

      4. "not so much…as"和"not so much as …"结构,"not so much…as"="not so much as …",其中as有进可换用but rather,可译为:"与其说是……毋须说是……"。而"not so much as"="without(not)even,"可译为"甚至……还没有"。

      The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it .

      5."many as well…as"和"might as well…as" "many as well…as"可译为"与其……,不如……,更好","以这样做……为宜","如同……,也可以……"等等。"might as well…as"表示不可能的事,可译为"犹如……","可与……一样荒唐","与其那样不如这样的好"等等。

      One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.

      6. "something(much)of"和"nothing(little)of""something of"相当于"to some extent",表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中,则为"anything of",可译为"有点","略微等。""译为毫无","全无"。"much of"译为"大有","not much of"可译为"算不上","称不上","little of"可译为"几乎无"。something like译为"有点像,?#36816;啤?

      They say that he had no university education, but he seems to be something of a scholar.

      7.强调句型

      It is not who rules us that is important,but how he rules us.

      8."All+抽象名词"或"抽象名词+itself"(very+形容词)

      He was all gentleness to her.

      9.as…as…can(may)be

      It is as plain as plain can be.

      10."It is in(with)…as in(with)"

      It is in life as in a journey.

      11."not so…but"和"not such a …but"结构,这两个结构和"否定+but"的结?#20849;?#19981;多,不同之点是这两个结构中的"but"是含有"that…not"意味的连续词,表示程度。可译为"还没?#23567;?#21040;不能做……的程度","并不是……不……","无论怎样……也不是不能……"等。

      He is not so sick but he can come to school.

      12."疑问词+should…but "结构,这个结构表示过去的意外的事,意为"none…but",可译为"除了……还有谁会……","岂料","想不到……竟是……"等。

      Who should write it but himself?

      13. "祈使句+and"和"祈使句+or"结构,"祈使句+and"表示"If…you…","祈使名+or"

      14.only(not, all, but, never) too…to do so "和"too ready (apt) + to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义,凡是"not","all""but等字后+"too…to,"不定式?#38469;?#21435;了否定意义,在"too ready(apt)+to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义。

      You know but too yell to hold your tongue.

      15."no more…than…"句型

      A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man.

      16."to make…of"的译法(使……成为……,?#36873;?#24403;作)

      I will make a scientist of my son.

      17.too…+不定式",not(never)too…+不定式","too…not+不定式

      She is too angry to speak.

      18.同格名?#24066;?#39280;是指of前后的两个名词都指同一个人或物,"of"?#32422;八?#21069;面的名词构一个形容词短语,以修饰"of"后面的那个名词。如"her old sharper of a father",可译为:"她那骗?#24433;?#30340;父亲"。

      Those pigs of girls eat so much.

      19.It作先行主语和先行宾语的一些句型

      She had said what it was necessary to say.

      20."cannot…too…"结构,"cannot…too…"意为"It is impossible to overdo…"或者,即"无论怎样……也不算过分"。"not"可换用"hardly","scarcely"等,"too"可换用"enough","sufficient"等

      You cannot be too careful.

      21."否定+but "结构,在否定词后面的"but",具有"which not","who not","that not",等等否定意义,构成前后的双重否定。可译成"没?#23567;?#19981;是"或"……都……"等

      Nothing is so bad but it might have been worse.

      22."as good as…"相等于,就像,几乎如;?#23548;?#19978;,其实,实在。

      The merchant as good as promised the orphan boy,that he would adopt him.

      23. 利用?#39542;?#37325;复表示强调

      以上就是小编整理的23个阅读重点句型,希望对大家有所帮助,继续关注鲤鱼网,还可获取更多学习资讯!

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